Bali’s Sacred Mountains & Volcanos

These mountains in Bali play a profound role in shaping the island’s physical, cultural, and spiritual landscape. As natural wonders that inspire awe and reverence, they are cherished by the Balinese people and hold a deep connection to the island’s rich heritage and beliefs.

Nestled within the vibrant tapestry of Bali’s landscape, a remarkable and mystical presence emerges – the volcanoes. These majestic peaks, both active and dormant, stand as timeless guardians, shaping the island’s geography, culture, and spiritual beliefs. From the revered heights of Mount Agung, Bali’s tallest and most sacred volcano, to the captivating allure of Mount Batur’s fiery beauty, each volcano weaves a tale of myth and majesty that captivates the hearts of locals and visitors alike.

Can you visit Bali’s Mountains and Volcanos?

Yes, you can visit Bali’s Mountains and climb Volcanos. You might have heard in the news, that Bali’s former Governor Koster issued a decree, forbidding climbing Bali’s mountains. This came as a response of several social media posts, were tourists gravely misbehaved, disrespecting the holy sites and Bali’s cultural integrity overall. Yet, this decree has not been enforced and as it turned out, was not based on legal ground. There is no ban on visiting the mountains and volcanos. Some mountains might be temporarily closed at times, but the reasons will be usually weather conditions, volcanic activities, or ceremonies.

Trekking Tours to Bali’s Sacred Mountains

The Enigmatic Volcanoes of Bali: A Tale of Myth and Majesty

Throughout the ages, these volcanoes have been more than just geological wonders; they have been the epicenter of ancient rituals, mythical legends, and spiritual reverence. Pura Besakih, the “Mother Temple” perched upon the slopes of Mount Agung, stands as a testament to the deep spiritual connection between the Balinese people and these volcanic peaks. The legends of deities residing within Mount Batukaru’s serene embrace, and the balance of natural elements symbolized by Mount Abang, echo through generations.

The volcanoes of Bali are not just geological features; they are living embodiments of the island’s identity and a source of inspiration that shapes its traditions and cultural heritage. As adventurers scale their peaks to witness the rising sun or explore their lush forests and serene lakes, they too become a part of Bali’s age-old narrative.

bali volcano

In this enchanting tale of fire and fertility, the volcanoes of Bali beckon explorers to delve into their enigmatic depths, to immerse themselves in the timeless stories that have shaped the island’s soul. Embrace the allure of these geological wonders and uncover the mysteries that lie within, for the volcanoes of Bali are a treasure trove of myths, majesty, and timeless wonder waiting to be discovered.

List of most important Volcanos & Mountains in Bali

1. Mount Agung – The Mother:

    • Height: 3,031 meters (9,944 feet)
    • Volcanic Status: Active
    • Description: Mount Agung, Bali’s highest peak, is an active stratovolcano with a powerful presence in the island’s culture and spirituality. It holds great significance as the “navel of the world” in Balinese Hinduism, it is an important cultural and spiritual site for the Balinese, and it is believed to be the home of the gods. Despite its active status, the summit of Mount Agung attracts trekkers who seek the reward of breathtaking sunrise views. The last major eruption occurred in 1963 claiming more than 1000 victims. Since then, the volcano has experienced minor eruptions and volcanic activity with the most recent major eruption occurring in 2017. Local authorities closely monitor the volcano to ensure the safety of residents and visitors.

2. Mount Batukaru:

    • Height: 2,276 meters (7,467 feet)
    • Volcanic Status: Non-active (Dormant)
    • Description: Mount Batukaru is the second-highest volcano in Bali and is located in the central part of the island. It is classified as a dormant volcano, meaning it has not erupted in recorded history. The mountain is revered as a sacred site, believed to be the abode of deities. Pura Luhur Batukaru, a significant temple, sits on its slopes, attracting spiritual seekers and those seeking blessings and divine favor. The pristine rainforests and lush landscapes surrounding Mount Batukaru add to its spiritual ambiance, making it a cherished destination for religious rituals and nature enthusiasts alike.

      Mount Batukaru is a great destination for trekking and hiking, as the trek to the summit offers beautiful views of the surrounding landscapes, including lush rainforests, rice terraces, and waterfalls. The summit of the volcano is also home to the Pura Luhur Batukaru temple, one of the most important temples in Bali, and it’s considered sacred by the local people.

      The volcano is located in the Tabanan Regency of Bali and it’s surrounded by the Batukaru mountain range, which is also known as the “Garden of Bali”. The area around the mountain is a protected area and it’s home to a diverse range of flora and fauna, including many rare and endemic species.

3. Mount Abang

  • Height: 2,152 meters (7,060 feet)
  • Volcanic Status: Active
  • Description: Mount Abang is an active stratovolcano situated adjacent to Mount Batur. Though not as high as some of its counterparts, it offers captivating views of the surrounding landscapes. The last eruption of Mount Abang occurred in 1968, and it is considered an active volcano. The trek to the summit provides a rewarding experience for adventurous hikers, offering sweeping panoramas of the Batur caldera and Lake Batur. Mount Abang is an inactive volcano, and just like Mount Merbuk, it’s not considered a very popular tourist destination. The peak of the mountain can be reached by hiking in more or less 2.5 hours.

4. Mount Bratan (Gunung Catur)

  • Height: Approximately 2,276 meters (7,467 feet)
  • Volcanic Status: Non-active (Dormant)
  • Description: Mount Catur, also known as Gunung Bratan, is part of the larger Bedugul volcanic area, which includes Mount Bratan and Mount Buyan. It is an inactive volcano, and its caldera contains the scenic Lake Bratan. The iconic Ulun Danu Bratan Temple, dedicated to the goddess of water, Dewi Danu, sits majestically on the shores of the lake. The serene surroundings make it a popular destination for both spiritual seekers and nature enthusiasts.

5. Mount Batur

  • Height: 1,717 meters (5,633 feet)
  • Volcanic Status: Active
  • Description: Mount Batur is one of Bali’s most famous and active volcanoes, known for its sunrise trek and stunning views. The caldera created by the volcanic eruptions houses the beautiful Lake Batur, making it a picturesque sight for visitors. The last eruption occurred in 2000, and the volcano remains active, drawing adventure seekers and nature lovers alike to explore its rugged beauty.
puncak mountains volcano

6. Mount Sengayang (Sanghyang)

  • Height: Approximately 2,087 meters (6,847 feet)
  • Volcanic Status: Non-active (Dormant)
  • Description: Mount Sanghyang is one of the lesser-known peaks in Bali, and it is located in the central part of the island. It is an inactive volcano, meaning it has not erupted in recorded history. The mountain’s slopes are covered in lush vegetation, contributing to the island’s biodiversity. While it is not a prominent trekking destination, it adds to the overall natural beauty of Bali.

7. Mount Patas

  • Height: Approximately 1,780 meters (5,840 feet)
  • Volcanic Status: Non-active (Extinct)
  • Description: Mount Patas is one of the smaller peaks in Bali, and it is located in the western part of the island. It is considered an extinct volcano, meaning it has not shown any signs of volcanic activity for an extended period. Mount Patas is relatively less explored by tourists, making it an off-the-beaten-path destination for those seeking solitude amidst nature’s beauty.

8. Gunung Musi

  • Height: Approximately 1,412 meters (4,633 feet)
  • Volcanic Status: Non-active (Dormant)
  • Description: Gunung Musi is one of the lesser-known peaks in Bali, located in the eastern part of the island. It is an inactive volcano and has not shown any signs of recent volcanic activity. While not as widely explored by tourists, Gunung Musi offers opportunities for nature enthusiasts to enjoy its tranquility and lush surroundings.

9. Gunung Merbuk

  • Height: Approximately 1,388 meters (4,554 feet)
  • Volcanic Status: Non-active (Dormant)
  • Description: Gunung Merbuk is a dormant volcano located in the western part of Bali. It is considered inactive, having no recorded volcanic activity in recent history. The mountain’s slopes are covered with verdant greenery, and while not as popular as some of the other peaks, it presents an opportunity for off-the-beaten-path exploration and serene hikes.

Bali’s volcanic landscape, with its active and dormant peaks, contributes to the island’s allure, offering a blend of spiritual sanctuaries, stunning vistas, and unique experiences for travelers from around the world.

Mount Rinjani in Lombok

This volcano is located on the neighboring island of Lombok, but it is visible from Bali on a clear day. It stands at 3,726 meters (12,224 feet) above sea level, making it the second highest volcano in Indonesia after Mount Kerinci. It is an active volcano that last erupted in 2010. Mount Rinjani is also a very popular destination for hikers and trekkers.