Pura Ulun Danu Batur (“Pura Ulun Danu”, “Pura Batur” or “Pura Bat”) was built in 1926. It is dedicated to the goddess of lakes and rivers, Dewi Danu. Water is extremely important to the Balinese so the goddess and the temples built to worship her are very sacred to the Balinese Hindus.
Ulun Danu literally translates as “head of the lake” which reflects not only the location of the temple but also its importance and main purpose. The temple compound actually consists of nine different smaller temples. There are almost 300 shrines dedicated to the gods and goddesses of springs, water, crafts, art and agriculture, art and crafts. These things are without any doubt the foundation of Bali, its society, and culture.
Location & Setting
Ulun Pura Batur and the Batur village were located down in the caldera at the foot of the very active volcano, Mount Batur. 1926, a strong eruption destroyed among many other villages and temples also Batur – but its most important shrine, the 11-tiered meru dedicated to the goddess controlling water and the holy springs. The people of Batur rebuilt their village and the temple at highest and oldest rim of the caldera. From the nine temples in this compound, Pura Penataran Agung Batur, is the principal temple, with five main courtyards. The other temples are Pura Taman Sari, Pura Sampian Wangi, Penataran Pura Jati, Pura Tirta Bungkah, Pura Tirta Mas Mampeh, Pura Tuluk Biyu, Pura Gunarali, and Pura Padang Sila. Within the most sacred area of Pura Penataran Agung Batur you will find the 11-tiered meru and 3 slightly smaller meru, dedicated to Ida Batara Dalem Waturenggong (famous King from the 15th century), Mount Batur, and Mount Abang.
Good to Know
Like many other very important temples on Bali that draw many devotees and also many tourists, expect to pay a donation of around 1US$. There s much to explore here beside the main meru. Bali has been for centuries an agricultural society depending on the rich flow of fresh water for its many rice paddies. Bali’s unique irrigation system (Subak) that is strictly controlled from the top of the volcanoes back down to the shores of the sea has inspired anthropologists and scientists worldwide. And here you will be in the temple of the main deity of the water and irrigation system of Bali – take your time and observe the devotees and you will sense the importance of this unique temple site.
Batur Geopark Museum is located on Jl. Raya Penelokan, Kintamani. This Museum situated on the south slope of Mount Batur presents a variety of information about national and global geopark. The museum building is designed based on the concept of the earth park, which consists of geological, biological, and cultural diversity.
Previously this Museum is known as the Museum of Volcano Batur. Batur Geopark Museum was built after the Batur Caldera region was accepted as a member of UNESCO global geopark network (now UGG: UNESCO Global Geoparks) in September 2012.
In this Museum we can find many interesting information related to the geology that is showcased in several dioramas, one of the most interesting diorama is about the formation process of Bali Island which has two volcanoes named Mount Batur and Mount Agung. In this diorama explained Bali Island formed from the existence of volcanic activity under the sea more than 23 million years ago in the east of Java. Underneath the earth, there is a hot magma that melted the crust of the earth, known as a hotspot. Then there is deposition under the sea that allegedly came from rock erosion, which was found in the eastern part of Java Island. First, it formed a coral reefs, then it stopped growing and became limestone reefs. Some of these layers were located in the southern part of Bali Island and on the island of Nusa Penida, which is why the south coast of Bali and Nusa Penida are mostly land of limestone.
Besides, other dioramas tell about other volcanoes in Bali such as volcano Buyan-Bratan and Batur that did not stop. 30,000 years ago. Mount Buyan-Bratan erupted and released the ignimbrite and lava. This volcanic activity on the island of Bali continued to shifts toward the east along with the movement of Ancient Mount Batur. The eruption that occurred 30,000 years ago was caused the rest of the body of Ancient Mount Agung collapsed, volcanic activity continued to move and shifted to Mount Agung which produced sediment. Mount Agung Lava breaks through the southeastern part and becomes Mount Pawon as a Parasitic Mountain. The last volcanic activity that composed the island of Bali is the Lesong Mountain of Fire. Read more...
Penglipuran Village is one of the best well-preserved traditional villages in Bali. It is located in the central area of the island, about an hour drive to the north from Ubud. This Village has largely been left to show original structures and building methods. Each family has to leave at least one original building to show tourists how things might have been. Very clean, busy, but not rushed and a great place to see another side of Balinese life. There is also a charming bamboo forest area nearby.
Local community has created several fun activities for tourists to enjoy during their visit, such as cycling, hiking, cooking class and more. Read more...
Trunyan Village is one of the most unique attractions in Bali. It is located on the isolated eastern shore of the Lake Batur. The village is accessible by boat only. The funeral rite here is unique, the villagers simply put the dead bodies on the ground, covered by cloth and a bamboo cage, and left to decompose. The banyan tree near the burial ground is thought to keep the corpses from smelling putrid. There are many incidents reported about locals were forcing the tourists to give them some money, thus it is very recommended for you to hire a local guide when visiting this village.Read more...